The New Paradigm of Continuing Education in Surgery

Published on : 05-18-2023

The field of surgery is constantly evolving. As new technologies emerge, surgical techniques improve, and medical knowledge advances, surgeons must continuously update their skills to provide the best possible care for their patients. Continuing education in surgery has always been important, but there has been a shift toward a new learning paradigm in recent years.

Traditionally, continuing education in surgery meant attending conferences and workshops, reading journals and textbooks, and participating in hands-on training sessions. While these methods are still valuable, the new paradigm of continuing education in surgery takes advantage of technology to provide more personalized, flexible, and accessible learning opportunities.

Online Learning

One of the biggest changes in continuing education in surgery has been the rise of online learning. Online courses and webinars allow surgeons to learn from anywhere with an internet connection at any convenient time. This flexibility is especially important for busy surgeons who may not have the time or resources to attend in-person conferences or workshops.

Online learning also allows for more personalized learning. Surgeons can choose courses and resources specific to their interests and areas of expertise. They can take courses at their own pace and revisit materials as needed. Some online learning platforms even use artificial intelligence algorithms to tailor the content to the learner's needs and preferences.

Virtual Reality

Another exciting development in continuing education in surgery is virtual reality (VR) technology. VR allows surgeons to practice procedures in a simulated environment, which can be especially helpful for complex or rare surgeries. Surgeons can make mistakes and learn from them in a safe, controlled environment without putting real patients at risk.

VR can also be used to provide more immersive

educational experiences. For example, a surgeon could use VR to explore the inside of a patient's body and better understand the anatomy of a particular procedure. This kind of hands-on learning experience can be much more effective than simply reading it in a textbook.

Social Media

Social media has also become a valuable tool for continuing education in surgery. Surgeons can connect with colleagues worldwide, share insights and information, and learn from each other's experiences. Twitter, LinkedIn, and Facebook groups have become popular places for surgeons to discuss the latest trends, research, and techniques in their field.

Social media can also promote online learning opportunities and share educational resources. Surgeons can follow thought leaders and institutions that specialize in their area of interest and stay up-to-date on the latest developments in their field.


Gamification is another trend that has emerged in continuing education in surgery. Games and simulations can make learning more engaging and fun, which can help learners retain information better. For example, a surgical technique could be turned into a game where the learner must perform the steps correctly to progress to the next level.

Gamification can also be used to track progress and provide feedback. For example, a learner could earn points or badges for completing certain tasks or demonstrating mastery of a particular skill. This kind of feedback can motivate and help learners stay engaged in learning.

The Future of Continuing Education in Surgery

As technology continues to evolve, the possibilities for continuing education in surgery are endless. Augmented reality, artificial intelligence, and machine learning are just a few examples of emerging technologies that could shape the future of surgical education.

One thing is clear: the new paradigm of continuing education in surgery is focused on personalized, flexible, and accessible learning experiences. Surgeons no longer rely solely on in-person training and conferences to keep up with the latest developments in their field. Instead, they can use online learning, virtual reality, social media, and gamification to tailor their education to their needs and interests.

In conclusion, continuing education in surgery is essential to providing high-quality patient care. The new paradigm of continuing education in surgery takes advantage of technology to provide more personalized, flexible, and accessible learning opportunities. Online learning, virtual reality, social media, and gamification are some exciting developments in surgical education. As technology continues to evolve, the future of continuing education in surgery looks brighter than ever.

A systematic review: Journal of Plastic Surgery

Published on : 03-27-2023

The field of plastic surgery has undergone significant advancements in recent years. This has led to an increase in the number of plastic surgery procedures performed worldwide. Plastic surgery is no longer limited to just cosmetic procedures; it is now widely used to treat a range of medical conditions. As a result, there has been a growing interest in the scientific community to study the outcomes of plastic surgery procedures.

A systematic review is a research methodology that aims to identify, evaluate and synthesize all available evidence on a particular topic. This approach provides a comprehensive overview of the existing literature on a specific subject, allowing for the identification of knowledge gaps and the generation of new research questions.

The Journal of Plastic Surgery is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes original research articles, reviews, and case reports on various aspects of plastic surgery. This journal has published several systematic reviews that have contributed to the advancement of plastic surgery. In this article, we will provide an overview of some of the most notable systematic reviews published in the Journal of Plastic Surgery.

One of the most significant systematic reviews published in the Journal of Plastic Surgery is titled "Breast Reconstruction after Mastectomy: A Systematic Review of Surgical Techniques and Outcomes." This review aimed to evaluate the available evidence on the different surgical techniques used in breast reconstruction and their respective outcomes.

The authors identified 49 studies that met their inclusion criteria and found that autologous tissue reconstruction had better aesthetic outcomes compared to implant-based reconstruction. The review also highlighted the importance of patient satisfaction and quality of life in breast reconstruction outcomes.

Another notable systematic review published in the Journal of Plastic Surgery is titled "Facial Nerve Function after Facelift Surgery: A Systematic Review." This review aimed to evaluate the available evidence on the effect of facelift surgery on facial nerve function.

The authors identified 17 studies that met their inclusion criteria and found that the risk of facial nerve injury was low, but not insignificant. The review also highlighted the importance of careful patient selection, surgical technique, and post-operative care in minimizing the risk of facial nerve injury.

A third important systematic review published in the Journal of Plastic Surgery is titled "The Role of Fat Grafting in Breast Reconstruction: A Systematic Review." This review aimed to evaluate the available evidence on the use of fat grafting in breast reconstruction.

The authors identified 36 studies that met their inclusion criteria and found that fat grafting was a safe and effective method for improving breast contour and symmetry. The review also highlighted the need for further research to optimize fat grafting techniques and to determine its long-term safety and efficacy.

One of the most recent systematic reviews published in the Journal of Plastic Surgery is titled "Tissue Engineering for Cartilage Regeneration: A Systematic Review." This review aimed to evaluate the available evidence on tissue engineering for cartilage regeneration. The authors identified 38 studies that met their inclusion criteria and found that tissue engineering had the potential to regenerate cartilage tissue in vivo. The review also highlighted the need for further research to optimize tissue engineering techniques and to determine their long-term safety and efficacy.

In conclusion, systematic reviews are an essential tool for evaluating the available evidence and advancing the field of plastic surgery. The Journal of Plastic Surgery has published several notable systematic reviews that have contributed to our understanding of various plastic surgery procedures and their outcomes.

These reviews have identified knowledge gaps, highlighted the importance of patient satisfaction and quality of life, and provided valuable insights into optimizing surgical techniques and post-operative care. Further research is needed to improve our understanding of plastic surgery procedures and to optimize patient outcomes.

Learning Strategies Used by Medical Students Working in the Field of General Surgery

Published on :- 02-28-2023

Identifying and implementing the most suitable learning strategies for each learner is vital to keep up with the rising trend toward more individualization in surgical training. This is of utmost significance in a multi-intelligence setting, necessitating that the psychomotor and emotional domains properly complement the cognitive content domain.

This research aims to evaluate the different approaches to education used by medical students in general surgery using Kolb's theory of experiential learning. This will assist in figuring out how to make each student's learning more effective and efficient, better preparing them for the surgical residency program.

This will assist in identifying methods to increase the efficiency and efficacy of learning for each student, which will help them better prepare for the surgical residency program.

As we get new knowledge, we organize it according to the categories and schemas we already possess. This aids us in recalling and comprehending newly introduced ideas. On the other hand, our attempts to assimilate may be only partially effective. The new information we get may not go neatly into any of our preexisting categories or schemas.

The process by which members of society who originate from various cultural origins are integrated into the culture that predominates in that society is referred to as assimilation. Alternately, it takes arise when members of a minority group abandon their previous customs in favour of the dominant culture.

Assimilation theory has always expected that immigrants and ethnic groups would follow a "straight-line" convergence or become more similar regarding their norms, values, behaviours, and features. Those who have lived in the host nation for the most significant period are believed to have more striking characteristics with the bulk of the population than those who came to the country later.

Many studies have shown that medical students training in general surgery tend to have increasingly similar learning styles. They like to learn via a blend of thinking at a more abstract level and hands-on experience.

Those with this approach are very successful when dealing with information and knowledge (6), and they can adapt theoretical concepts and theories to practical circumstances. They are also good at finding solutions to issues and like working with physical items (5).

In this research, learning dimensions and styles, as well as the associations between those factors and academic achievement, were investigated using four different evaluation strategies. It consisted of questions with multiple choice answers, questions with situational answers, questions with creation-elaboration questions, and questions with elaboration on the link between theory and practice.

A total of 118 students participated in the survey conducted for this research. Based on the many ways in which people learn, they were split up into the following four categories: diverging (CE, AC, AE, and RO), accommodating (AC), assimilating (AC and RO), and converging (CE, AC, AE and RO).

Learning occurs for medical students in the field of general surgery via the acquisition of new information and abilities through practical experiences. These students have shown that they significantly prefer learning via a blend of practical and lecture-based approaches. In addition, they are highly active learners who like experimenting with various issue-resolution methods.

They are also more comfortable working in groups and are more inclined to prioritize the logical soundness of hypotheses above the practical utility of such theories. These students often prefer video and hands-on learning since it helps resolve ambiguity caused by a lack of expertise in clinical settings and boosts confidence.

We surveyed the University of Alberta using the Kolb learning style questionnaire. We asked first-year medical students, general surgery residents, and faculty members about their preferred learning styles. A total of 73% of people participated in the survey.

The many approaches to learning play an essential role in the whole surgical education process. They influence how individuals learn and are often utilized as a reference to the right teaching strategies that are most successful for the unique learning demands of the individual.

In conjunction with extensive experience, reflective observation is a common feature of various learning methods, and the final result is often original thought. This approach to learning has the potential to be very beneficial, but developing it might take a lot of hard work.

Convergent learners, on the other hand, are characterized by their reliance on abstract conceptualization and active experimentation as the primary drivers of their educational pursuits. Their contemporaries often highly regard their capacity to think creatively and come up with solutions to problems. Still, it presents a challenge for the teachers who are teaching them.

The primary purpose of this research was to investigate the learning and teaching preferences of medical students, general surgery residents, and professors in general surgery. We evaluated a group of second-year undergraduate medical students, general surgery residents, and faculty members at the University of Alberta using Kolb's Learning Style Inventory (KSI).

Surgical Case Medical Consultation in the Value-Based Care Era

Published on :- 02-20-2023

Many healthcare providers have switched to a system that puts patient outcomes and quality before volume in the Age of Value-Based Care. This new healthcare delivery strategy has changed how patients and doctors handle surgical situations.

Medical consultations for different surgical procedures, such as neurosurgery, vascular surgery, and ophthalmology, are important components of this transition. During the last five years, there has been a noticeable growth in the number of consultations, and in the next years, this number is expected to treble.

The patient's risk of complications and functional ability must be considered while planning surgical treatments in the Value-Based Care era. Also, patients should have a preoperative examination to address these concerns, check for underlying illness conditions, and prepare for surgery.

The age of the patient and the kind of treatment being done are two variables that affect the time and substance of the preoperative examination. For instance, urgent and emergency surgical operations are high-risk circumstances that provide little chance for preoperative assessment and care.

Physicians and patients need to be open and honest about their expectations for surgery since the doctor-patient relationship is still a primary emphasis in healthcare. They should come to an understanding of the intended effects of the operation, such as a return to regular activities or a reduction in handicaps.

Also, the patient should be given thorough instructions on how to be ready for surgery and a description of the process and any potential consequences. Anesthesiologists may play a significant part in this process by doing a thorough medical evaluation and teaching the patient about drugs and postoperative care.

A growing number of clinical choices doctors and hospitals make in the Value-Based Care era must consider patient outcomes, quality control, and quality systems. Consequently, a more economical, outcome-based payment model has replaced the previous one for surgical services.

An essential component of a perioperative strategy is medical consultation. A successful consultation depends on the seeking doctor and the consultant having good communication.

The main clinician must make the purpose of the consultation crystal apparent, and the consultant must comprehend that query or information. A miscommunication might result in a misconception and unexpected consequences.

In the age of value-based care, it's critical to concentrate on surgical-related concerns and reduce pointless testing. This may be achieved by refraining from pointless radiological and blood testing and only undertaking physical examinations when essential. Another strategy that may assist lower readmissions is screening for chronic medical issues.

It is crucial to ensure patients get a thorough and well-coordinated medical consultation as the healthcare sector continues to transform in the Age of Value-Based Care. Better patient outcomes are made possible while costs are decreased by coordinating care amongst doctors, hospitals, and other providers.

Providers are switching from conventional fee-for-service payment to value-based payment models, which link provider income to particular performance criteria, to aid in this shift. Moreover, risk-based packaged payments are becoming more common.

Yet, providers may feel overwhelmed by this adjustment. To adapt to changing payment methods and the pressure from payors to lower reimbursements and abandon fee-for-service, they need a plan that goes beyond cost-cutting.

Notwithstanding these difficulties, value-based care may result in significant cost reductions and higher quality. Moreover, it may strengthen provider power and improve competitiveness in a changing market environment.

In the Age of Value-Based Care, it is crucial to identify and categorize patient risk. Pre-habilitation techniques such as home physical therapy, smoking cessation, diet optimization, and exercise may significantly influence postoperative clinical and financial results when used on high-risk patients.

These pre-habilitation programs are already being used by many healthcare institutions, but many more have yet to benefit from this tactic. The impact of these initiatives on surgical complications and length of stay rates must be acknowledged by providers.

This procedure requires that each surgical case be subjected to a risk analysis. Physicians and patients may decide on a good result and start allocating resources at the preoperative consultation.

During the process, surgeons and their teams must properly communicate to provide the greatest outcomes for each patient. Several national safety groups cite poor communication as a significant contributor to medical mishaps.


How to Get a Job as a Plastic Surgeon

Published on : 02-14-2023

Plastic surgeons are doctors who treat people who were born with congenital disabilities, got hurt, or burned. They also help people who want cosmetic surgery to change how they look.

It would help if you had a bachelor's degree and then went to medical school to become a plastic surgeon. Then you have to finish a residency.

If you want to become a plastic surgeon, the first thing you need to do is go to medical school. This is your chance to learn more about the field and decide if it's a good fit for you.

Most medical schools require applicants to have a high GPA and MCAT score to get into their programs. It's also a good idea to get as much experience in plastic surgery as you can. You can do this by shadowing a doctor as a premed student or doing clinical rotations in medical school.

The residency program is the next important step. Most of the time, a medical student with a four-year degree will match into an integrated residency program like the one at NewYork-Presbyterian. This ACGME-accredited, six-year program has a long history of turning out great plastic surgeons. Residents spend their time doing research in clinical or basic science and going to many different national meetings. They have to send their research results to a well-known journal for publication, and many of them do.

To become a plastic surgeon, you must go to medical school for four years and residency for six years. During that time, you take qualifying and licensing exams, work with a mentor, do procedures while being watched, and get better at the surgery.

When you finish your residency, you'll have all the necessary credentials and be able to work independently in the speciality. You'll also get paid an average of about $60,000 per year.

Residency training is very hard and takes a lot of time. Residents have to study and do clinical work at the same time, and they often have to work long hours.

ACGME has approved the 6-year Integrated Plastic Surgery Residency Program at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital's Columbia University Irving Medical Center and Weill Cornell Medical Center. It gives students a wide range of clinical experiences in all the most important areas of plastic surgery, such as microsurgery, pediatric and craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, and cosmetic surgery.

If you want to be a plastic surgeon, one way to get there is to finish a fellowship program. Most of the time, these are extra years of training on top of your medical schooling. They can be a great way to learn more about your speciality and build professional skills.

When applying for a fellowship, your curriculum vitae (CV) should include information about your education, volunteer work, awards, and other skills related to your field of interest. This will show the review committee your best qualities and make you stand out from other applicants.

A fellowship is also a great way to meet other professionals in your field and connect with them. Fellows often get jobs after their fellowships, either directly or through their supervisors and other people in their network who know about the job openings.

When you go to school to become a plastic surgeon, you learn to do things like breast augmentation, tummy tucks, facelifts for looks, and rhinoplasty. You also learn how to do surgery and where to put injectable fillers.

The most successful practices share five core values, which is good news. These traits allow a practice to change, which is good for long-term growth and success.

Compassion and empathy are very important. These traits are important in any relationship between a patient and a doctor, but they take on a special meaning when dealing with trauma patients or people born with congenital disabilities. 

But it's not easy to start and run a successful practice. It takes years to build and maintain a successful surgical practice, especially in today's world, where there is a lot of competition and patients are becoming more aware of their options.

Practice Guidelines for Moderate Procedural Sedation

 Published On: 02-07-2023 

Procedural sedation (PS) can be used to help patients tolerate minor medical procedures. It reduces anxiety and pain and eliminates the need for general anesthesia. While sedation techniques vary, there are common standards that must be followed. These include pre-sedation assessment, patient classification, medications administered, patient monitoring, and competency.

Procedural sedation is a safe and effective way to manage a patient's pain and anxiety during certain procedures. Before administering moderate sedation, a practitioner should thoroughly evaluate the patient's medical and anesthesia history, perform a focused physical examination incorporating the airway, review consultation, and laboratory reports, and note any allergies.

The practitioner should also determine the patient's American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Status Classification. Patients who have a high risk of complications (e.g., elderly, mentally impaired, undergoing complex procedures, or who have significant underlying conditions such as obstructive pulmonary disease, coronary artery disease, or congestive heart failure) should be referred to an anesthesiologist for pre-sedation assessment and evaluation.

During moderate and deep sedation, the level of consciousness, ventilatory and oxygenation status, and hemodynamic variables should be monitored and recorded frequently during the procedure and recovery. Device alarms should be set to alert the care team to critical changes in patient status.

Patient Classification is an essential part of the moderate procedural sedation process. It allows nurse managers to identify patient needs for a specific hospital unit and then match them with available nursing resources.

It also provides a basis for formulating nursing budgets and staffing requirements. It can help track changes in patient care needs and adjust the service intensity.

A pilot study of the use of the patient classification tools of the WMSN was performed in the MSICU at Montana Deaconess Medical Center in Great Falls, Montana. One hundred thirty-seven patient classifications were completed on forty patients during two months.

Medications used in procedural sedation aim to calm the patient, reduce pain and anxiety and make the procedure easier for the patient. Drugs are given through an IV line in the arm or a shot into a muscle and begin to work reasonably quickly.

Propofol (a benzodiazepine) is the most common sedative. The effects of this drug start to take effect within a few minutes of a single dose. Opioids are also commonly used, with fentanyl and midazolam often combined with a reversal agent (naloxone or flumazenil).

Respiratory depression is not uncommon; however, it usually resolves as the drugs wear off. Monitor the patient's breathing and oxygen levels constantly during sedation. If signs of respiratory depression are noted, provide supplemental oxygen, airway repositioning maneuvers, and bag-valve-mask ventilation as needed.

Patient monitoring is a crucial component of any surgical procedure. It provides instant and accurate information on a patient's heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and other health parameters to help clinicians make informed decisions and improve outcomes.

GE Healthcare's Patient Monitor Solutions empower clinicians with powerful insights to improve quality care and reduce variation in care delivery. Across bedside and transport monitors, central stations, and mobile applications, our connectivity solutions tie device data together automatically and seamlessly to deliver an uninterrupted stream of real-time information that helps you make fast, confident decisions.

Moderate procedural sedation (PSA) is a safe and effective technique for performing specific procedures in the operating room. However, several factors must be considered to determine the appropriateness of PSA within a particular setting.

Procedural sedation is a technique used to decrease pain and anxiety and provide amnesia for patients undergoing painful or diagnostic procedures. It can be performed in the emergency department, office, or other nonpainful settings.

Moderate sedation is a drug-induced depression of consciousness during which the patient responds purposefully to verbal commands or light tactile stimulation. Physiological functions are usually maintained, including airway reflexes and spontaneous ventilation.

Only a highly qualified HCP, such as a physician or nurse practitioner, should be involved in the patient's care during moderate sedation. This individual should be able to continuously monitor the patient, identify apnea or another respiratory compromise, and administer medications and resuscitation treatments.

The Many Faces of Medicine and the Roles They Play

Published On: 01/31/2023

There are various subspecialties within the medical field, and each of these subspecialties performs a unique set of duties. Through the diagnosis and treatment of illnesses, injuries, or discomfort, medical professionals are educated to assist patients of all ages in maintaining their health and well-being.

In most cases, the first person, a person, who will visit for any health problem or worry, is their primary care physician. On the other hand, some conditions require an expert's attention.

Paediatricians provide medical attention to newborns, children, adolescents, and young adults up to 21, concentrating on the patient's physical, emotional, and social well-being.

They find employment in various settings, including hospitals, private practice offices, community health centres, public health clinics, and schools, as well as in the military and the government.

They educate patients and their families, ask questions, identify underlying medical conditions, write medications, and refer patients to specialists as necessary. They also handle basic responsibilities such as delivering vaccines, conducting wellness examinations, and refilling prescriptions.

An internist is a physician specializing in diagnosing, preventing, and treating diseases and ailments that affect adults. They are also called internal medicine physicians. These physicians offer their patients primary care, thereby developing long-term ties between themselves and their patients.

Their education is extensive and in-depth, which enables them to diagnose and treat a wide variety of diseases and ailments that afflict individuals. Their knowledge is especially important in managing complicated medical situations that frequently involve several medical disorders.

Gastroenterologists are medical specialists who diagnose and treat many conditions and diseases that affect the digestive system (oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, colon, pancreas and gallbladder).

They have the education and experience necessary to evaluate patients with symptoms that may point to gastrointestinal issues. These symptoms include frequent diarrhoea, blood in the stool, abdominal pain that does not go away, and difficulty swallowing.

Endoscopy (upper endoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, and colonoscopy), endoscopic biliary evaluation, endoscopic mucosal resection, endoscopic ultrasound, and hemostasis are some of the specialized areas of study covered during their training. These operations provide a clearer view of the digestive system and equip them with the means to remove tumours, relieve obstructions, unblock narrowed channels, and halt bleeding using an endoscope.

Dermatologists are trained to detect and treat over 3,000 health issues associated with skin, hair, and nails. Patients with cosmetic concerns, such as scars or aged skin, might also benefit from their services.

Your dermatologist will conduct a physical exam and inquire about any symptoms you may be experiencing during your first appointment. If it is deemed essential, they may also perform a biopsy and prescribe additional laboratory testing, such as a Wood's lamp test.

The removal of skin cancer or growths, such as moles or skin tags, may also need surgical treatments, which a dermatologist is qualified to undertake. In addition, they use laser therapy to address wrinkles, sun spots, and blemishes.

Nephrologists are medical professionals who focus on diagnosing and treating problems and illnesses related to the kidneys. Nephrologists are medical professionals who diagnose and treat conditions affecting the kidneys, including chronic kidney disease, kidney infection, and kidney failure.

In addition, a nephrologist will order laboratory tests to determine whether or not you have kidney disease by analyzing factors such as your glomerular filtration rate and the amount of protein in your urine. They will also assist you in maintaining a healthy blood pressure level.

Nephrologists strive to diagnose kidney disease at its earliest stages before it can worsen and become irreversible. To bring the disease under control, a nephrologist may suggest modifying your diet or your medication.

Pulmonologists are highly trained medical specialists who diagnose and treat various respiratory disorders, including lung cancer, pneumonia, sleep apnea, and cystic fibrosis. A wide range of diagnostic procedures and treatment modalities are utilized to diagnose and treat these conditions.

Imaging procedures such as X-rays and CT scans are examples of what a pulmonologist could employ to look for abnormalities in the chest area and lungs. They also can perform a biopsy to get samples of lung tissue for examination.

Most pulmonologists obtain training throughout their academic careers, including internships and residencies. Pulmonologists benefit from these experiences because they teach them how to perform treatments, maintain patient records, and disinfect medical equipment. They are also taught how to communicate with patients and properly give medications.

 Different Viewpoints on Surgical Education 

 Published On: 01-27-2023 


A wonderful strategy to maintain the efficiency and effectiveness of the surgical training process is to educate the instructors. The pupil will be able to learn more quickly by doing this. The trainer will also be able to assist the student in making the right selections. The following are some pointers for teachers on how to achieve this: Multidisciplinary research is involved in surgical simulation. It involves the fields of education, psychology, engineering, and medicine. It is possible to employ simulation to enhance patient care or develop surgical abilities. 


The purpose of surgical simulation is to give students a secure setting in which to practice their abilities. A simulation setting should ideally reflect patient care. This enables students to learn new skills and receive insightful criticism at the same time. A surgical education program has to integrate at both the undergraduate and graduate levels in order to be successful. This entails combining cadaveric models, virtual reality (VR), and augmented reality (AR) devices, as well as interactive multimedia applications. 


These cutting-edge tools are intended to mimic a real patient's experience. They can also impart fundamental techniques for tissue dissection and inspection. These technologies do have certain limits, though. Synthetic organ models' broad application is constrained by the high cost of existing technology and the lengthy construction process. Scalable manufacturing methods are required to create high-fidelity models. 


A novel technology that offers in-procedure advice in real time is surgical telementoring. Geographical impediments to the spread of specialist surgical expertise can be surmounted. Telementoring has the advantage of giving surgeons in remote places access to elite surgical skill. Streaming data and information technologies are both used in telementoring. Telementoring is safe and successful, according to several studies. To ascertain the impact of telementoring on surgical education, additional research is required. 


Generally speaking, telementoring is a practical and affordable way to offer technical support for surgical operations. Telementoring may be conducted using a range of tools. These include ISDN, videoconferencing, and third-generation (3G) phones. Furthermore, it's critical to make sure the telementoring protocol is appropriately used. Additionally, there are concerns about patient privacy. 


Some telementoring systems call for a pre-existing protocol for communication. These procedures can be set up using a telementor's headset that the mente wears while undergoing surgery. A mentor and mentee must also abide by a set of guidelines. Peer-to-peer feedback might improve surgical education. Using technology, such as a web-based platform for accelerated learning, allows instructors to provide residents with quick feedback that may be used to improve their learning. By keeping track of resident learning data, it also enhances objectivity and transparency. 


Surgery residents and the patients they care for can both benefit from peer-to-peer input. Teachers may help students develop action plans for development and increase their awareness of their own performance by giving them constructive comments. 21 first-year medical students took part in this randomized, non-inferiority experiment while taking a suturing course. Every two weeks, there were two-hour sessions for the course. Feedback from instructors was given both in real time and on film. Students were asked to assess their own performance and gauge how well they compared to their peers. 


Students were also required to assess the work of their peers and offer constructive criticism. Students who took the course felt more comfortable doing surgery overall. The participants in the study performed a survey, and the findings showed a statistically significant rise in confidence in the tested items. The post-course rating also went up by 0.05. 


A crucial part of the professional growth of surgical trainees is surgical education. But for newcomers, this professional realm is frequently opaque. It might be challenging to confront unwritten cultural conventions and preconceptions within the industry. Additionally, the absence of consultant involvement may hinder junior physicians' attempts to develop their professional identities. 


Therefore, it is crucial that surgical educators foster a secure learning environment. Striking a balance between duties to patients and residents is also crucial. The best way to do this is through reflective teaching strategies. It has been demonstrated that a multidisciplinary teaching program may foster collaborative learning and bring about long-lasting transformation in a department. The purpose of the study was to assess the value of such a teaching strategy. 


The curriculum's creation involves both junior and experienced clinicians. To create learning objectives, they drew on their own experiences, undergraduate and graduate learning results, and published standards. Participants who were interviewed regarding the efficacy of the educational program offered input. Interviewees discussed their views on surgical education and pointed out important qualities of a successful instructor. 

Principles and Practices for the Future of Surgical Education

Published on:01/24/2023

The book Surgical Education: Principles and Practice for the Future talks about some of the most important things to think about for the future of surgical education. The article looks at how to move from a theoretical foundation to a more practical one, as well as the role of Livestreaming and the need for regulatory bodies. It also talks about how machine learning can be used to figure out how much surgical trainees know and how skilled they are.

The holy grail of machine learning is pre-training. As the name suggests, it is the art of getting the raw data ready in a way that makes the models that come out better than the ones that were trained.

A well-done pre-training system can be seen as a win-win situation for both the person and the machine. Pre-training is a good way to improve the performance of deep LSTM models, in particular. For example, if a model does better than a trained model on a single dataset, it's more likely to do the same on an augmented dataset. The same is true for systems that use DLSTM to learn features. This is because pre-training adds to the total time spent training.

Using machine learning, it is possible to figure out exactly how skilled surgical trainees are. It can also give people new ways to give feedback. By looking at a lot of data, it can find unique metrics about how well a surgery went.

In a recent study, the effectiveness of machine learning and other ways to measure surgical skills were compared. They found that combining artificial intelligence with simulations of virtual reality could be a better way to measure skill.

In addition to accelerometers and video recordings, artificial intelligence can also be used to measure how well surgical trainees know what they are doing. One way is to have people make notes on a video of surgery. A deep neural network is used to look at the videos and figure out how good the players are.

Livestreaming of surgeries could be a good way for surgeons to learn new techniques. But there are still some things that need to be done to make sure that these programs are legal and moral.

Surgical educators should know about the technology that can be used to live stream surgery. Some of these are software, hardware, and devices for recording audio and video. Teachers also need to know what using these technologies means in terms of ethics.

A survey was done in many places to find out how educational live surgery events are. The survey looked at how moral issues affect the way people teach and how they use video and other technologies.

The people who took the survey answered 19–23 questions. The questions contained qualitative items and quantitative questions. Residents thought the live streams were "very useful," according to the results. One resident liked being able to see different ways to do surgery. Another person suggested talking about how to make decisions and how to do the surgery.

In surgical education, there is a lot of discussion about whether or not to switch from a theoretical foundation to a practical one. This change is caused by new technologies. For example, a virtual reality platform lets students practice what it's like to be in an operating room before they actually go into one.

Remote presence is another technology that is being used to improve surgical skills. These technologies are used to spread skills and give feedback on skills. Some simulation devices give you feedback that you can feel, which may help you learn more.

COACH is one example of a more modern way to teach. COACH is a multimedia platform that gives trainees access to the most up-to-date surgical techniques while an expert guides them. With COACH, trainees can change information as they see fit.

Surgery is an important part of taking care of a patient. They are used to treat a wide range of health problems. Organ transplants are a complicated part of many surgeries. For them to work, they need to be changed so that they fit the needs of each patient.

It looks like there needs to be a group in charge of keeping an eye on how hospitals and clinics do surgery. Also, it's important to make sure that all patients get accurate information about how these interventions turned out.

Setting safety and cost-effectiveness standards is one way for regulatory agencies to improve the quality of health care. These groups also evaluate and keep track of changes in the healthcare system. They have penalties for breaking the rules. But there are doubts about how well regulation works.

Both morality and politics can support rules about how surgeries are done. If these procedures were evaluated in a more thorough way, it would help patients and surgeons decide which ones are the best.

Perspectives on Surgical Education: Educating the Educators

Published on :- 01-18-2023

Teaching the teachers: Perspectives on surgical education outlines a few problems with how surgeons are currently being trained. These issues include the misalignment of theoretical and practical learning, the absence of personnel required to provide adequate surgical training, and the need for ongoing work on evaluations and assessment methods. Additionally, using virtual and augmented reality technologies in surgical training has considerable potential.

A total of 19 ORNs participated in focus group talks throughout the investigation. They were 47 years old on average. They had a minimum of two years of clinical experience and were registered nurses. They were offered job contracts after they had finished the ORN program.

The study's primary goal was to comprehend how ORNs felt about introducing SSC. Participants in focus groups spoke about their understanding of and views on SSC, which were gathered into a questionnaire.

Preoperative planning, equipment handling, specifics of the technique, collaboration, and ethical concerns were all included in the questionnaire. Additionally, specific problems might be solved in practice, such as settling on protocols and emphasizing patient safety.

Surgical teams must be ready to handle misunderstandings and accident risks. Conscious planning and ongoing education are required for this. Personal responsibility must also be fostered to establish a favorable cultural shift in surgical teams.

Ensuring students have a sufficient grasp of the whole surgical care route is one of the significant problems in undergraduate surgical education. This entails exposing trainees to a variety of surgical techniques in various environments.

Surgical instructors must commit enough time and effort to instruct pupils. Nevertheless, the bulk of these encounters takes a one-sided approach. There are also no national standards for undergraduate surgical education in most nations. Due to these difficulties, many scholars are now looking for more effective approaches to medical education.

To improve student involvement, a variety of strategies are now being used. Two examples are lectures and instruction via simulations. Clinical clerkships may also provide a comprehensive curricular framework.

The ward round is a well-known example of an efficient technique for gauging surgical expertise. It allows students to debate and apply surgical theory while showcasing their understanding of a patient's presentation.

The shortage of personnel is one of the main issues confronting surgical education. These tools are necessary for students to acquire an effective surgical education.

A surgical expert density of 0.7 per 100,000 people is drastically inadequate worldwide. Five billion individuals lack access to inexpensive, reliable surgical treatment. A revamp is required for the surgical workforce throughout the world.

Students must get the education necessary to become capable and compassionate surgeons, and surgical educators must make sure this happens. They must do this through various tactics, such as staff incentives and focused online instruction.

One strategy for bridging the expertise gap between experts and non-specialists is task sharing. This entails giving complicated jobs to people with less specialized training and may increase access to high-quality surgical care at reasonable prices.

Enhancing the validity of assessments is becoming more and more important as the assessment profession develops. This entails ensuring that the outcomes accurately represent how students comprehend and value their education. Instead of depending on one evaluation, instructors may more accurately describe a student's learning experience using an assessment model.

Despite being a key component of education, evaluations are a byproduct of the culture in which they are used. They must thus be created to function well in intricate institutional settings. As a result, a range of assessment instruments centered on each learner's unique requirements and interests will be developed and utilized in evaluations in the future.

To create reliable assessments, educators must consider all available data and choose the instruments most suited to their environment. They may modify an existing tool or design a brand-new one from scratch.

Two technologies that have the potential to transform surgical education are virtual reality and augmented reality. They have the potential to provide surgeons with a range of advantages, including increased usefulness and engagement, better training for surgical specialties, and more affordable diagnostics and therapies.

When used in tandem, these technologies are very effective for instructional reasons. Collaborative VR environments may improve communication among surgeons working in various places. This could include real-time procedures.

Virtual aesthetics planning enhances patient safety, documentation, and communication. These approaches are being used by several surgical specialty training programs to improve training for historically underrepresented groups.
However, there are currently just a few surgical teaching applications for VR and AR. Despite technological advancements, it is still impossible to visually replicate the real-world experience.

The New Concept in Continuing Medical Education for Surgeons

Published On: 12-29-2022

Continuing medical education (CME) will be discussed in this article to help you become a better surgeon. This has a wide range of implications, from the value of self-evaluation to how a training program may influence your surgical abilities. Furthermore, we will discuss the two main CME options: time-based and tea-steeping.

Get out there and have a civil discussion with your friends about the merits of your favourite subject to see if this ado holds up. Even though you might have to work extra hard, it will be worth it in the end. After all, if you're going to take it upon yourself to prevent your rivals from enjoying the hors d'oeuvres, you may as well go into it knowing that you are knowledgeable. Happy hunting! I hope you won't spend the rest of your life in jail, a hospital, or a nursing home. And remember the tea, too. Your fellow criminal is one of the finest places to start. You could even discover a long-term partner if you're lucky.

Planning an educational curriculum always includes assessing the students' requirements. In addition to giving a curriculum the knowledge it needs, it also holds educational institutions responsible.

A requirements assessment aims to find gaps between what is happening now and what is desired. Data from numerous sources are gathered. Surveys, focus groups, interviews, and literature searches are all included in this.

A variety of educational options are available for spine surgeons. Surgery professionals should ideally select endeavours that advance their practice and raise the standard of patient care.

Additionally, the surgical team's educational requirements must be taken into account. Healthcare delivery will be strengthened, and improved practice behaviour will result from identifying and meeting these unmet requirements.

Academic entities that provide ongoing professional development frequently carry out needs analyses. They might build programs, execute learning strategies, or undertake planning and development of learning.

The creation of curricula, effective teaching methods, and accurate and trustworthy assessments should all be included in faculty development programs. Portfolios need to have records of these actions. The learning process, learning results, and information on individualized learning projects are all included in portfolios.

The impact of COVID-19 on medical training and surgery was examined in a recent study. In the study, several training regimens were reviewed for their effects on laparoscopic surgery tasks.

The study looked at the impact of simulation training, albeit it did not assess how well students maintained their knowledge of surgical abilities. To get performance feedback from learners, this kind of training employs Kolb's experiential learning paradigm.

The study assessed the effect of various training programs on surgical abilities and tasks using a mixed-model approach. It contrasted a didactic classroom lecture with hands-on simulation training to a didactic classroom lecture alone.

In order to provide surgeons with the opportunity to try new techniques without endangering patients, simulation training is created to imitate a safe operating room. There are, nevertheless, more approaches that might work.

Repeated and repetitive practice is the key to honing surgical abilities. The quality of the learning of motor skills might be enhanced by using hybrid training programs.

For the purpose of evaluating the efficacy of continuing surgical education, the American College of Surgeons Division of Education has created a new program for surgical education and self-evaluation. Identifying and assessing how these instructional initiatives have affected surgeon performance, patient care, and professionalism are the objectives.

The four phases of this program will be based on the Surgical Learning Improvement (SLI) cycle: preparation, learning, evaluation and improvement, and reassessment and improvement.

The surgical skills lab at the University of Southern California provided the research participants with a four-hour training session as a pre-requisite. The research participants engaged willingly in the learning phase. They performed a number of drills at the LapSim laparoscopic surgery simulator.

Following the learning phase, the participants were split into two groups: an experimental group and a control group. An assortment of surgical abilities was given to each group. At six distinct institutional locations, researchers were able to assess the validity of the exam.

User Experience in Remote Surgical Consultation

 Published On: 12-15-2022 

Since the advent of the Internet, telemedicine has become an increasingly convenient form of medical care. Using Live video streaming to conduct telemedicine could lead to a better patient experience. It also has the potential to improve the education of surgical physicians. It allows primary care physicians to consult with specialists. It also helps to provide medical education.

This technology can help to reduce global inequities in surgical health. Using live video streaming can facilitate telementoring in remote surgical consultation. It can also allow an expert to be present during a new operation. Having an expert present during a complicated procedure can be extremely helpful. Similarly, it can provide a valuable resource for less experienced surgeons. This article will discuss several ways in which live video streaming can be used in this way.

For example, an expert can give voice suggestions and an on-screen telestration of the procedure. In addition, the expert may be able to provide instructions for the local surgeon on how to perform an incision properly. This can be done by providing images of the surgical site and a video of the remote doctor's hand. The local surgeon can then compare the image data or video with the instructions.

Another example involves an augmented reality video stream. The video of the remote surgeon's hand may be superimposed on an image of the surgical site. This can give the local surgeon an idea of how the remote surgeon's hands move during the demonstration.

Historically, telemedicine has increased access to healthcare in areas with limited healthcare resources. It has also been used to treat patients in remote locations.

In the 1960s, the United States government made heavy investments in the research and development of telemedicine. These investments encouraged the development of innovative technologies for telemedicine.

Telemedicine was initially developed to treat patients in remote areas. In 1964, doctors at the University of Nebraska transmitted a student's neurological examination over the phone. In addition, orthopedists and dermatologists began to offer their services through telemedicine.

Telemedicine can be an effective tool for teaching novice surgeons. It can be used to provide post-operative wound checks and birth control counselling. In addition to improving patient care, telemedicine can help to address workforce shortages.

Recognizing Surgical Transitions

Published on : 12/05/2022

Medical Transitions, often known as Transgender Surgery, are a group of surgical treatments used to change the look of a person's face. The operation is designed to give you a more manly or feminine appearance. The process is frequently undertaken to protect the patient from bullying or prejudice. Although the treatment is becoming increasingly acceptable in many sections of society, there are still numerous situations when people or groups on a national level fight for the right to undergo this surgery.

Gender-affirming surgery performed by a surgeon can be a terrific approach to transforming your look or adjusting your genitalia to fit your gender identification better. It's critical to locate a plastic surgeon you can trust with expertise in transgender surgery. It's also crucial to know exactly what you're searching for and how surgery may assist.

Gender-affirming surgery often entails modifying the face, genitalia, and other bodily components. It may include liposuction, Adam's apple reduction, and vocal cord shortening. Hormone treatment can also enhance feminine traits such as the shape and size of your breasts. Gender-affirming surgery, however, is not a panacea. You'll still need to go through treatment, and you may need to see many plastic surgeons until you find one you like.

Cosmetic outcomes vary, but recent evaluations indicate that doctors' surgical procedures have improved significantly. Like other cosmetic operations, the products may be invisible to others. Facial feminization surgery can be a difficult procedure. It is important to choose a qualified surgeon who knows a feminine face's technical needs and nuances. The most effective doctors have extensive craniofacial surgery expertise. They know exactly how to shape masculine facial characteristics into a more feminine look.

A rhinoplasty (nose reshaping) and lip augmentation are two surgical procedures used in facial feminization surgery. Rhinoplasty can lower the breadth and tip of the nose, as well as realign the cartilage and bones. Lip augmentation may be done in three distinct methods to add volume to the lips. Other treatments that may be performed include scalp advancement and soft tissue work. These procedures can be combined with face feminization surgery. The surgeon can use a CT scan to construct a comprehensive anatomical model of the face. These models may be used to create the ideal shape for each person.

Adapting to new communities following surgery is difficult for female International Medical Graduates (IMGs). According to a University of Virginia research, women make up only 10% of the surgical society's membership, and only 4% of listed presenters are women. Furthermore, many IMGs are unfamiliar with American medical lingo, leaving them puzzled in their new nation of residency. While some fear is inescapable, the author says that a little assistance is all that is required. A list of potential participants is a good place to start. The ECFMG in Philadelphia is one of the world's largest medical organizations, yet it is not without flaws.

A quick look at the ECFMG website revealed that roughly ten IMGs were cut. Furthermore, only three IMGs advanced to the upper part of the draw. A new push is underway to reclassify IMGs as trainees to boost the number of IMGs in the top tier. Several right-wing state legislatures are introducing legislation to limit transgender adolescents' access to gender-affirming medical treatment. Legislators in Alabama, Florida, and Texas have proposed limitations that might make it more difficult for transgender adolescents to access gender-affirming care.

The battle over gender-affirming medical care impacts where Americans live and work. It also has implications for race, abortion rights, and where Americans desire to raise their children. The conflict is also religious, with some conservatives claiming that allowing transgender persons to live their lives freely contradicts their religious convictions.

The struggle for gender-affirming healthcare has been a key point of contention in the cultural wars. As a result, discussing the subject is more difficult than ever. Some activists say that the conflict might result in a political victory, while others fear it will result in a political defeat. The quest for gender-affirming care has also been a cause of concern for trans adults. Some conservatives fear that letting transgender individuals live their lives as they choose undermines their principles, while others are concerned that transgender persons would be unable to get treatment. Because of this anxiety, laws and executive actions restrict transsexual treatment.

Ways for radiology providers to show how they have made a difference in their patients' health


In the age of value-based care, getting a second opinion from a doctor before surgery should be seen as a benefit to the patient. Everyone in the system, including radiologists, gets paid based on how much value they create for the patient. In this article, we talk about ways for radiology providers to show that they have made a real difference in the health outcomes of their patients.

Creating value for patients is a difficult task with many different parts. It requires a lot of high-level thinking as well as more mundane tasks like keeping track of costs and measuring quality. For example, it's hard to figure out how valuable a treatment is unless it's made to be measured.

So, it shouldn't come as a surprise that the patient is at the center of value-based healthcare. They are the ones who will get value-based care, and they are in the best position to show how great it is. Patients must feel like they are being listened to and treated with respect. They must also decide for themselves what they want and where they want it. They are also the best ones to judge the value of different treatments and make decisions based on what they know.

Creating value for patients is a never-ending process that needs the help of everyone involved. This includes patients, doctors, insurance companies, and the government. The three of them together are a strong force that should be embraced. How do we do it? That's the question.

Optimizing the creation of value and use of resources in surgical consultations has been a pressing issue for healthcare institutions for years. But the time for value-based care has come, and organizations and providers are working hard to find ways to give patients better value and outcomes.

Value-based healthcare is a way to improve patient health and lower costs at the same time. This way of thinking encourages everyone involved to be more careful about how they care for people. As the cost of health care keeps going up, providers are taking steps to better understand data about costs.

For providers to better understand costs, they need to look at how they use their resources for each condition they treat. To do this, they need to know how much time, effort, and money it takes to treat a patient with a certain condition. They must also be able to figure out the costs of medical staff and other infrastructure, as well as the costs of treating an illness over the course of a patient's care.

In the age of value-based care, one of the most important ways to improve patient health is to create value for radiology providers during medical consultations for surgical cases. This helps with more than just writing study reports. It also helps with patient outcomes, therapy monitoring, and radiation therapy. Also, radiology needs to be included in the formula used to compare costs to results in healthcare.

Radiology is becoming a more important part of patient care in this age of value-based care. This means that radiologists need to know how cost allocation works and how not having enough resources can affect how well a patient does. To make the most of their contribution to patient care, they must also take part in team-based clinical decision-making.

The growing amount of work that radiologists have to do is one of the most difficult things they have to deal with. Because of this, they might not have enough time to talk to patients or share their findings with other medical professionals.

To deal with these problems, radiology departments need to get better at what they do and be more efficient. In addition, they must work as teams to improve departmental work plans, use clinical decision support tools, and interact with patients. Also, they must use the right IT tools to make the sharing of information as efficient as possible.

In the age of value-based care, it is important for the healthcare system to give radiology providers ways to show how they have made a difference in their patients' health. Value-based healthcare is a way of providing medical services that aims to improve the health of each patient while keeping costs down. The idea is being used more and more to figure out how to fund medical services.

Radiologists can help make the system more value-driven by making clinical decision support tools and working with people who send them patients. Clinicians can use these tools to ask for the right imaging and interventional procedures. This way of working together can also improve the quality of care for patients.

Radiologists must be involved in team-based clinical decision-making and be able to measure their impact on third-party payers and patient outcomes. ICERs and quality-adjusted life years are two examples of value metrics (QALYs). They can also be used to figure out how important radiology is to society.

Radiologists should also know how their work affects the doctors who send them patients. Referrers usually ask for diagnostic radiology studies first. They can be thought of as middle customers, and they need to be held more accountable for how medical imaging affects costs.

The Shifting Focus of Surgical Continuing Education in the New Paradigm

 Published on : 11-17-2022 

Within the last fifty years, significant progress has been made in surgical continuing education. In today's world, there is a growing consensus that education in surgical practices should be ongoing and constant. This may be accomplished in a variety of different ways. Three primary aspects need your attention. Among them include the evaluation of CPD and PBLI activities, the training of surgical fellows, and quality collaboratives.

Innovations in laboratory science have played a disproportionately important role in developing surgical techniques over the latter part of the 20th century. In the 1950s and 1960s, the Journal of Surgery, which the American College of Surgeons publishes, claimed that a third of its pages were dedicated to laboratory discoveries.

During the last century, significant advancements were made in the field of surgery. These advancements included the development of anesthesia, the invention of the first operating microscope, the introduction of rubber gloves to protect surgeons from infection, and the creation of the windlass tourniquet. Because of these advancements, surgery has become a more dependable process that causes less pain.

In the early 1800s, surgery was a grueling and terrifying experience for patients. Surgeons in Europe were powerless against the twin challenges of pain and infection before developing anesthetics. However, with the development of anesthetics, surgeons were able to carry out surgeries that were not only more complicated but also more intrusive.

In 1954, doctors successfully conducted the first known kidney transplant using a live donor. Massive ovarian cysts were removed during the first successful bilateral ovariotomy procedure. Citrate was added to the blood in the newly developed blood transfusion method, another significant medical advance.

There is a possibility that surgical fellowship training is not as frequent in Canada as it is in the United States. Despite this, a rising number of locals are opting to pursue education in this particular field. There are more things to think about as well. In particular, there is a need for a clearer delineation of the function of the fellow in the operating room.

This is a really difficult problem. It is possible for the function of the fellow to change from one hospital to another, just as is the case with the training for any specific specialty. A clinical fellow's responsibilities might range from aiding doctors to directing medical teams to participate in research.

The fellowship programs that are the most effective often feature a curriculum that is designed around the requirements of the trainee. This is especially true in spine medicine, where there are varying degrees of clinical experience, procedural skills, and the need for continued education.

In Canada, surgical fellowship training is typically conducted following the completion of surgical residency training. The duration of the curriculum is typically between one and two years. A multiple-choice question exam, didactic sessions, and interprofessionalism are all components of a standard curriculum. On the other hand, there are no standardized recommendations at the national level regarding the most effective programs.

Surgical patients' quality of treatment may be improved via the use of collaboratives focused on surgical quality. Medical treatment providers, surgical societies, and insurance payors are all members of these organizations. They comprise determining the best practices, participating in formal training, and providing financial assistance for various local initiatives.

2014 saw the beginning of the Illinois Surgical Quality Improvement Collaborative, sometimes known as ISQIC. A total of 55 hospitals and many community hospitals are members of the cooperation. The organization has been effective in enhancing the level of care that is provided to patients. Two of its primary objectives are increasing patient safety while simultaneously lowering expenses associated with unneeded operations.

The South Carolina Surgical Quality Collaborative (SC SQC) is a program that is all-encompassing and driven by data. It is aimed toward high-volume surgical operations that have a high risk. Ambulatory surgical facilities and big academic institutions are also represented among its members. They work together with involved surgical leaders from throughout the state. It was discussed in an article published in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

There was an increase in the overall quality of surgery performed at participating institutions, a decrease in complications associated with surgery, and a lower postoperative death rate. They saved additional charges totaling several millions of dollars as well.

Continuous professional development (CPD) may play a crucial part in meeting a surgeon's learning requirements, regardless of whether or not the surgeon is new to the field of surgery or has been practicing for years. Improving one's level of expertise via ongoing training may also benefit the quality of treatment provided to patients. However, how do we assess the activities that are part of CPD and practice-based learning and improvement (PBLI)?

One method for assessing the activities of continuing professional development (CPD) and practice-based learning and improvement (PBLI) is to determine the outcomes that are most relevant to doctors. The findings of these assessments may provide input for the design of future activities.

Patient outcomes are the most important, followed by better clinical results and then the knowledge gains of healthcare personnel. Other outcomes include the patients' and the healthcare providers' health and safety. These outcomes can be quantified via data such as referral patterns, prescription practices, and the availability of clinic personnel.

Practice-based learning and improvement (PBLI) is a cycle of four steps: actively participating in learning, doing a self-assessment, putting newly acquired information into practice, and checking for improvement. The ACGME has created an instrument that will assist in PBLI competence evaluation.

Summary of Guidance for Minimizing the Impact of COVID-19 During Surgery


Published On: 11-10-2022

This Summary of Guidance for Minimizing The Impact of COVID-19 During Surgery guides clinical staff to minimize COVID-19 exposure during surgeries. It highlights the importance of wearing respiratory protection and decontamination systems. It also recommends using respirators with N95 filters and face shields or goggles. A patient gown and gloves should also be worn to protect from contamination.

The CDC has updated the guidance to make it easier to access. It explains the risk of COVID-19 infection and what steps should be taken if someone is exposed to it or is positive for the virus. Though the COVID-19 virus is widespread, many practical tools exist to minimize the risk.

Infections can be prevented by isolation. Early diagnosis can reduce the risk of transmission and severe illness. Individuals exposed to COVID-19 should seek testing to determine whether they are infected. The risk of transmission and death can be reduced if symptoms are detected early. Patients should seek testing for active COVID-19 infections if they have experienced respiratory symptoms or are aware that they have been exposed to this pathogen.

Healthcare facilities should assess their patients' risk of COVID-19 infection and provide COVID-19 therapeutics when appropriate. If the facility cannot offer COVID-19 therapeutics onsite, the facility should develop a plan to ensure timely access to care outside the facility.

Children may be at risk for COVID-related infections associated with hospitalization, death, or long-term complications. Children should be given the same precautions as adults to minimize COVID-19 exposure. Hand hygiene and mask use will reduce the risk of COVID infection. Social distancing can also reduce the risk of COVID-19 exposure in children.

In addition to implementing the guidelines, facilities should conduct symptom checks. This is especially important for residents who are more likely to get COVID-19 than others. This will allow early treatment and reduce the risk of severe outcomes. Further, facilities should provide well-fitting respirators to their staff and residents. Additionally, residents and staff should require universal indoor masks if the facility's COVID-19 Community Level is medium or higher.

If you are a patient, make sure to follow all directions given to you by your doctor. You should wear a mask and use a separate restroom to prevent spreading the virus to others. In addition to wearing a show, covering your cough and sneezing with a tissue or some other item is essential. If possible, stay away from other people and pets until you feel better. If COVID-19 symptoms do occur, notify your healthcare provider immediately.

Pregnant women are especially vulnerable to COVID-19 infection. The regular physiologic changes during pregnancy increase the woman's susceptibility to infections. As such, the CDC and ANA recommend that pregnant healthcare professionals limit COVID-19 exposure to the women in their care. This way, they can ensure their safety. It is essential to protect both the mother and her child.

The Usability of Remote Surgical Consultation


Published On:10/25/2022 

The User Experience of Remote Surgical Consultation entails the patient's experience during remote surgery. This event was evaluated using a five-step questionnaire with a remark box at the end. The first question screened for technical issues, while the second and third questions inquired about the patient's convenience and happiness with the service. The final question asked about the patient's preferred medium for future appointments.

A data visualization tool for surgical consultations can assist surgeons and physicians in making more informed judgments. This application employs sophisticated visualization techniques to communicate information concisely. As a result, it can minimize cognitive burden and improve clinical decision-making for intensive care clinicians. In addition, AI and machine learning algorithms are utilized to enhance the productivity of medical staff.

To display data regarding patient satisfaction and the perceived utility of the telemedicine service, researchers devised domain-specific measures that capture surgeons' experience. For instance, they used bar charts to indicate the percentage of accounts that utilize a feature and scatter plots to compare the monthly average number of users. These graphics are simple to comprehend and facilitate comparisons for the viewer.

In a remote consultation, the patient communicates with the surgeon via a video-based platform or the telephone. However, the interaction is restricted by the absence of physical contact. Minority patients are disproportionately likely to participate in these virtual encounters. Patients can benefit from a virtual consultation, but they should evaluate a range of criteria before choosing this consultation mode.

The interaction between the patient and practitioner is crucial, and the patient must feel welcome and at ease. Therefore, the atmosphere should be conducive to a smooth examination, with few interruptions. Additionally, wearing comfortable attire and maintaining suitable body language throughout the interaction are essential.

Using a five-step questionnaire and a comment area, we determined if the patient experience of remote surgical consultation might be explained. The first question examined if there were any technical issues with the remote consultation, while the second and third questions focused on the convenience of the talk and the level of satisfaction with the service. The fourth and final question examined whether the remote consultation met the patient's needs.

Although telemedicine is not a new technology, there are still obstacles to overcome. For instance, bandwidth availability is frequently an issue, and video and audio may be frozen or distorted. This may restrict consultation. However, the Federal Communications Commission has granted substantial grant funding to aid in the resolution of these difficulties.

The functionality of remote surgical consultation was evaluated through a study including two parallel patient groups. The first group was referred to a hospital around three and a half hours away from the second group. A referral was made for the second group to a regional medical centre. In addition, the duration of consultations was set.

Virtual consultations feature a video or telephone call. This form of consultation has numerous benefits. For example, patients with trouble physically going to a surgery centre may benefit from this option. Likewise, people with sensory problems may benefit from virtual consultations. Additionally, patients can use video consultations to acquire extra visual information and diagnostic clues.

The safety of remote surgical consultation cannot be guaranteed. Researchers have not examined the safety of video-based surgical consultation. However, the prevalence of videoconferencing has increased in recent years. Although not entirely secure, virtual consultations may improve the quality of patient treatment. For instance, the remote consultation procedure may cut hospital visits and the requirement for waiting lists.

The equipment utilized determines the safety of remote surgical consultations. The equipment used in the study was comparable to that employed in hospital outpatient clinics. The RMC was equipped with a ViewSonic display, modem, and camera. The UNN orthopedic surgeon operated the camera, which could follow the patient as they walked and zoom in on them.

Using a Video-Based Educational Module to Better Serve Patients

published on: 10-21-2022

Improving patient education through a video module is a viable option. It's essential to keep a few things in mind while you plan your film. We must first think about why we are doing this video. This new technology should make patient education more exciting and compelling. In the current research, the video was meant to update the Mohs surgical consultation for a better patient experience. A narrative video was produced to include patients better and provide information in an engaging fashion. The entire runtime of the clip was 4.5 minutes.

Using simple, understandable language increases the likelihood of a patient actively engaging with the health information. It is recommended that healthcare providers begin conversations with patients using everyday language rather than jargon or insurance-specific terminology. It should be defined and explained if insurance or medical terminology must be used.

Doctors and other healthcare workers should avoid speaking in medical jargon until necessary, and when they do, they should provide clear context-based definitions. For instance, a "neurologist" is a medical professional who focuses on the brain and nerve system. Placing plastic plates between the breasts is part of the "mammogram" technique. A doctor giving you your mammography results can strike a lighthearted conversational tone.

Health literacy, defined as an individual's ability to absorb and use health information, is bolstered by the widespread dissemination of health data written in plain language. Among the most important ways to boost people's ability to understand health information is to use clear, straightforward language that is also factually accurate and free of grammatical errors. Low health literacy individuals may find it challenging to comprehend and act upon complex health information.

The use of narrative videos to educate patients about Mohs surgery can potentially increase their satisfaction with the procedure. Most patients forget more than half of what their doctors tell them. Videos have been proven practical tools for medical education, increasing patient understanding and decreasing anxiety. Few research, however, has examined the actual material presented in these movies. The authors produced a pair of films, one focusing on didactic content for Mohs surgery and the other including patient testimonials, animated sequences, and physician interactions, to combat this issue. Existing patients of Mohs surgery were used to test both types of movies, and the results showed that both kinds of videos increased patient understanding and satisfaction.

Mohs surgery has increased in popularity over the past decade. It is now routinely used to treat various cutaneous cancers, from the most common to the rarest. Therefore, more and more patient education resources are becoming available via the internet. However, the typical American adult lacks the reading abilities essential to grasp intricate medical content. As a result, the AMA suggests a reading level equivalent to that of a sixth grader for all patient health documents.

Wolters Kluwer has released a new patient education solution called EmmiEducate, which aims to match patients with their doctors better and educate them about their conditions. More than 8,000 health education pamphlets are included, in 20 different languages, along with hundreds of films. Healthcare practitioners can use the system to create individualized patient education materials. EmmiEducate was made to be accessed in a variety of settings, from the bedside to off-site.

The sheer volume of health-related material available might leave patients feeling overwhelmed. Patient involvement can be improved by providing educational materials that do not feel like homework or add to the patient's stress level. Providing patients with video content and printed materials can increase their likelihood of remembering such content.

It's simple to start with EmmiEducate's video lessons on health and wellness. Patients with a myUCLAhealth account can access the videos and see them as often as they like. After patients have watched them, they can participate in a short survey.

What to Look For in a Plastic Surgeon

published on: 09-21-2022

When searching for a plastic surgeon in San Diego or anywhere else, there are certain things you should look for. "There are many plastic surgeons in the world, and especially in California, but not all of them will be a perfect match for your needs,” says Dr. Carlos Chacon of Divino Plastic Surgery. With a little consideration beforehand, you can be assured that you chose the right plastic surgeon for you.

For any plastic surgeon that you are seriously considering, make sure that they have the testimonials and recommendations of others regarding your procedure or area of interest. Dr. Carlos Chacon of Divino Plastic Surgery has an extensive educational background in plastic surgery, including serving as Chief Resident of the University of California San Francisco Division of Plastic Surgery at the world-renowned UCSF Medical Center. Furthermore, he has been nominated as one of “San Diego’s Best Cosmetic Surgeons.” These are the kinds of skills and verification of talent that you should look for in a plastic surgeon.

“The surgeon should have experience in the type of procedure that you are looking for,” advises Dr. Carlos Chacon.  This is information that is easy to get. You can either ask the plastic surgeon directly, or visit their website to find out which procedures they excel in. “The reason,” says Dr. Chacon, “is that different kinds of plastic surgery require different skills. For instance, breast enhancement, face lifts and butt lifts require skill in working with muscle and soft tissue. Plastic surgeries such as nose jobs require skills working with cartilage, bone, sinus and breathing passages.”

Finally, look for a plastic surgeon with whom you feel comfortable. “You deserve to be treated with respect and dignity, no matter the circumstances,” insists Dr. Chacon. “You should feel comfortable discussing the intimate details of your problem with the surgeon. Otherwise, you risk getting results that don’t align with your vision of yourself. There needs to be a good rapport.” Indeed, it’s essential to look for a plastic surgeon who demonstrates a willingness to sit down and listen to your needs, without rushing you through the appointment or judging you.

About Dr. Carlos Chacon

Dr. Carlos Chacon is a highly esteemed plastic surgeon, who works at Divino Plastic Surgery in San Diego, CA. His patients adore him, his colleagues respect him, and his family and friends love and admire him. He has worked tirelessly over decades to achieve his personal and professional goals, bringing quality cosmetic plastic surgery procedures to residents of San Diego and beyond. Dr. Chacon has extensive experience in all aspects of aesthetic plastic surgery. He's honed his skills in sophisticated breast and body modification surgery, combination surgical procedures, fat grafting, and whole-body contouring.

Before and After Results of Face Surgery

 Published on: 07-07-2022

Face surgery is something you can think about if you want to make your face look better. This cosmetic surgery works well for several reasons, such as aging and facial disfigurement. In addition, you'll feel better about yourself after the procedure, and you might even decide to have it done just because. This article tells you about this procedure and answers many of its most common questions. You can also make an appointment for a consultation to learn more about this process.

Face surgery can make you look younger and more refreshed, but the effects of face surgery happen immediately. How long it takes to get better depends on how bad the problem was. The first part of the healing process takes about two to three weeks. Then, sutures are taken out between 7 and 14 days after the procedure. After that, the initial bruises and swelling will go away over time, and you'll be able to do everyday things again. Depending on how extensive your surgery was, you should be able to see the final results in about six months.

Many different steps can be used together to get the results you want. For example, a facelift is a standard cosmetic procedure often done with others. It can make wrinkles, fine lines, and other signs of aging look better. Another kind of cosmetic surgery that Dr. Mosiello does is the brow lift. This procedure aims to make the forehead look as young as it did when you were younger. A brow lift, on the other hand, fixes furrows and horizontal lines.

A face lift is a cosmetic procedure that removes extra skin and re-drapes it over the tightened facial muscles without pulling on the skin. Dr. Hardesty does other things in addition to the facelift. For example, he might use laser resurfacing and radiofrequency to make your face look better. If your chin has shrunk over time, you can get a chin implant. Chin augmentations are another type of procedure. You can also change the shape of your neck with a chin implant.

Incisions are made in different places depending on different type of face surgery. Implants, fat tissue transfer, or fat grafting can be used to cut the upper lip, cheek, and chin. A lift of the upper lip and a chin implant can be used to change the shape of the chin. Fillers that are injected and lip implants are two other ways to change how the face looks. For chin augmentation, either the fat is cleaned up, or a filler that can be injected is used.

The procedure is a classic way to keep from getting older. It involves removing extra skin on the face and tightening the deeper tissues. The effects are noticeable and last a long time; they can help with many signs of aging. Facelifts and neck lifts are often done together to make a face look better. Some people have eyelids that droop or loose skin around their eyes that can be fixed with blepharoplasty. With blepharoplasty, extra fat and skin around the eyes are cut away.

If your septum is crooked, you might think about getting a liquid "nose job" to fix it. Fillers for the skin can help fight the signs of aging around the eyes. A face lift will make your face look better, but it won't fix how your nose is shaped. Instead, it will make you look more balanced and help you see better around you. In addition, the procedure will make you look younger and give you more confidence.

Your doctor will decide which surgery to do based on your desired results. After he hears your worries, looks at your medical records, and examines you, he will make a treatment plan that fits your needs. The cuts will be made in places that don't stand out. How extensive the surgery is will determine where it will be done. Minor cuts can be made in the ear or along the hairline. Depending on the procedure's size, you may want to meet with a plastic surgeon first.

Before and after view of face surgery is an essential part of how you look overall. You shouldn't be scared of them if you don't know what the procedure is supposed to do. Before and after pictures are often used by cosmetic surgeons to show the results of their work. If you're interested in this procedure, ask for a consultation and a 3D-CT scan. Face surgery has a lot of good points, and you might be interested in it. Through facial contouring, you can make your face smaller if you want to.

Dr. Landon D. McLain does facelifts. He is a double board-certified cosmetic and oral surgeon. His office is conveniently located in Huntsville, and people from other towns can go there. It would help if you also looked for a surgeon who has before and after pictures of facelifts and knows what to do. Face surgery won't cost much if you go to a plastic surgeon with a lot of experience. If you want to know more about the procedure, you can call McLain Surgical Arts. 

Face Surgery - Before and After

Published On: 06/02/2022

According to Dr. Carlos Chacon, face surgery is a popular surgical procedure. This type of face lift is performed to remove excess skin, jowls, and other facial features. The procedure requires a small incision in the face and may require pain medication. The surgeon may attach a cannula to anchor the thread into place. The procedure may result in significant swelling. A physician may prescribe pain medication, or you can purchase over-the-counter medication. After the surgery, you will have swelling, bruising, and numbness for several weeks. Pain control is essential to healing and ensuring a comfortable sleep. A change in pain can signal a complication or a delayed recovery.

SMAS is a collection of tissues that make up the deeper layers of the face. These include the cheek muscles, fat, and ligaments. During the procedure, the surgeon makes incisions inside the natural crease of the facial skin, which begins inside the hairline and continues to the ear. Then, the surgeon tightens the underlying muscles and drapes the skin to restore a youthful appearance. The results of face surgery can last for several years.

Dr. Carlos Chacon explains, a facelift removes excess skin and muscle from the face, resulting in a smoother, more youthful appearance. This surgery is performed using small and discreet incisions to access the different layers of skin, muscle, and tissue. The muscle and tissue are then repositioning to counter gravity and create a smooth, youthful contour. It has numerous benefits and risks, so it is important to seek a second opinion from an experienced plastic surgeon before undergoing the procedure.

After assessing your skin condition, Dr. Hardesty will choose the most appropriate face surgery option. He will carefully listen to your concerns, review your medical records, and perform an examination to create a custom plan for your face rejuvenation. Incisions are placed in discreet locations that are inconspicuous and not noticeable to the eye. Depending on your desired outcome, a small incision at the hairline or ear may be sufficient. Dr. Hardesty recommends that you seek treatment as early as possible for early signs of facial aging.

In Dr. Carlos Chacon’s opinion, in addition to enhancing your confidence, face surgery can improve your self-esteem. Research has shown that people perceive people as more attractive and successful when they are younger. They also report improved health and happiness, which may be attributed to a person's appearance. Face surgery has a broader societal benefit, as people who undergo face rejuvenation look younger and are perceived as more attractive. The effects are long-lasting and lasting.

The recovery time from face surgery depends on the severity of your injury and the complexity of the procedure. Some patients will need a longer hospital stay, while others can recover at home. During recovery, you will have bandages on your face for a few weeks to reduce the risk of infection and promote healing. It will be necessary to follow your physician's instructions closely, as it is critical to the success of your recovery. Scars may require revision treatment.

While face surgery can help you to "turn back the clock" on the aging process, it will not stop the aging process. The results of this procedure will last for about 8 to 10 years, and you should take good care of your skin afterward to ensure the longevity of your new appearance. If you have any other cosmetic surgery procedures, you may want to consider one of them to enhance the results. For instance, if you're planning to undergo a facelift, it's a good idea to discuss these with your doctor.